Anyone can get the flu so it’s important to take precautions to protect yourself and others. This includes getting a flu shot.

Anyone with an underlying health condition is more vulnerable to the effects of flu and has a greater chance of being hospitalized. The flu shot is your best defense and is available from your family physician or nurse practitioner, pharmacies, public health unit, and through a variety of flu clinics in your community.

Fight the Flu – How to Avoid Getting or Spreading the Flu

  • Get a flu shot
  • Wash your hands often
  • Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze
  • Don’t touch your face
  • Stay home when you’re sick
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces and shared items

Flu vs. Common Cold

The symptoms of the flu and the common cold can be very similar but,
unlike a case of the common cold, the flu can lead to serious health problems like pneumonia. Use this chart to help determine if you have a cold or the flu.

 

Symptom Cold Flu
Fever Rare

Common, high (102°F – 104°F or 39°C – 40°C) Starts suddenly, lasts 3 to 4 days

Not everyone with the flu gets a fever

General aches and pains Sometimes, mild Common, often severe
Muscle aches Sometimes, usually mild Often, can be severe
Feeling tired and weak Sometimes, mild Common, may last 2 to 3 weeks or more
Fatigue (extreme tiredness) Unusual Common, starts early
Sneezing Common Sometimes
Complications Can lead to sinus congestion or earache

Can lead to pneumonia and respiratory failure, worsen a current chronic respiratory condition, be

life-threatening

Chest discomfort and/or coughing Sometimes, mild to moderate Common, can become severe